The Archaeological Museum of Samos is located in the town of Samos and its findings are exhibited in two buildings. The old museum, a great neoclassical building of 1912, contains collections from many periods and interesting exhibits including sculptures, ceramics, copper, ivory, wood, miniatures and jewellery. The new museum, inaugurated in 1987, hosts the collection of archaic sculptures. The most famous exhibit of the museum is the impressive 5.25m-tall “Kouros of Samos”, considered the biggest well preserved Kouros statue in Greece.
The Archaeological Museum of Pythagorio hosts a rich collection of chamois and griffins, Ionic and Samian kylices, hydrias, coins, spectacular kouroi and many findings of the necropolis from four different eras (Geometric, Archaic, Hellenistic, Roman). Some of the most notable exhibits are a sculpted earthen tablet of Nike riding a chariot, busts of Roman emperors, a statue of Venus and the headstone of Lucius.
The Natural History Museum of the Aegean, houses the departments of Zoology, Minerals and Rocks, Marine Life, Botany, and Palaeontology. The fossilized animal bones found on the island, including tiny horses (Hipparion), mastodons (Mastodont Iongirostris), Hyena (Crocura eximia), Samothirio (Samotherium boisieri) and Rhinoceros are notable exhibits. The last feline that came to Samos from Asia Minor, almost 150 years ago, is exhibited embalmed and was a source of inspiration to the world famous book titled “Wildcat behind glass”, by writer Alki Zei.
Samos Wine Museum next to the modern winery of the Winemaking Cooperatives Union of Samos, displays the history of the Samian wine. The exhibits include old and traditional tools of wine making and barrel manufacturing, collectible bottles and items. The visitors have the chance to taste all Samian wines.
The Folklore Museum of Samos of the N. Dimitriou Cultural Foundation hosts interesting representations of the island’s everyday life, until the middle of the last century. It includes authentic everyday objects like utensils, handicrafts, textiles, costumes and jewellery as well as tools of traditional professions, like barbers, cobblers, fishermen, basket-makers, bee-keepers and farmers.
The collection of the Folklore Museum of Karlovasi includes some important elements of tradition and folklore art of the period 1870 – 1955 with fine exhibits, such as porcelain, carved mirrors, silverware and antique furniture.
The Folklore Museum of Pagonda represents entirely a traditional Samian house with furniture and utensils, in five beautifully formed rooms, the bedroom, the living room, the kitchen, the loom room and the basement.